What’s My Curl Type?
It might come down to first understanding your texture type when it comes to finding the best hair cut, color process, styling habits, or products. The question is — do you know your curl type?
How To Define Texture Types
The curl pattern or curl type chart was created to understand various texture patterns and classified using numbers 1-4 and letters A-C. For the most part, Type 1 is straight, Type 2 is wavy, Type 3 is curly, and Type 4 is coily. The subtypes of A to C coincide with the width or diameter of the wave, curl, or coil pattern. A’s have a wider pattern size, B’s medium, and C’s are the smallest of the three subtypes.
Texture Type #1:
Type one refers to straight hair without curls, which results in straight hair. This hair type can resist curls or waves and face challenges when using hot tools to create the desired finish.
Texture Type #2:
This type includes wavy hair with a minimal curl pattern. You have 2A, 2B, and 2C hair types within this category.
- 2A has more delicate hair but retains its shape well. This type is easy to straighten and can often hold a curl or bend created with hot tools, which makes it easier to straighten or curl with hot tools.
- 2B hair usually has an S-shaped wave and can be enhanced with targeted products.
- 2C is the thickest of the three, and it can easily be defined with the proper layering of products.
With type 2 hair, frizz is the biggest concern, so moisturizing products are ideal. Leave-in conditioners and wave-defining products can help enhance definition while ensuring enough hydration in the hair.
Texture Type #3:
This type includes curly hair, ranging in diameter from loose to tight curls, and often experiences some degree of frizz.
- 3A is the loosest of the curl patterns and usually has a great shine. Wash routines and the type of shampoo used can make a big difference in defining this texture.
- 3B curls are slightly tighter and require adequate moisture to help them shine. For best results, apply styling products while strands are still damp.
- 3C curls are the tightest curl pattern within this type and are similar to a corkscrew with a reasonably small circumference. Wash minimally to create a great deal of body and bounce and ensure proper hydration and condition.
For these curl types, look for hydrating, moisturizing, or creamy products to create a healthy, shiny, and defined finish.
Texture Type #4:
Type 4 represents coily hair. This texture most often needs a healthy amount of hydration during washing and styling to prevent breakage and dryness.
- 4A coils are similar to 3C curls in circumference but are slightly softer and less defined. Products should always be applied to wet hair for best results.
- 4B coils have a minimal circumference and are defined well with styling creams. The shingling method — layering product in small sections and raking fingers through each section to distribute — is ideal for the best finish.
- 4C hair has sharp bends that create zig-zag patterns. The tightest coil, this type tends to be more fragile and can experience a great deal of breakage if not cared for properly. To define this hair type and enhance shine use a hydrating shampoo and conditioner that doesn’t strip the hair. Cooler water is also ideal when rinsing to help the cuticle lay flatter and reflect shine.
There are infinite finishes within each type and pattern — this individuality makes textured hair unique. For best results, look at ingredients, test products, and chat with your hairstylists about best practices to enhance your style.